Jerusalem, the sacred capital

Jerusalem is a sacred city for Christians, Muslims and Jewish alike. This past 7th of December, President Donald Trump, just as he had promised during his campaign, recognized it as the capital of Israel, turning the United States as the first country to acknowledge it as the capital of Israel since it became a state in 1948.

Trailing Israel with 6.1 million people, the United States holds the largest population of Jewish citizens in the world with 5.7 million people. Florida is the state with more that 850.000 Jewish and it accounts for 16% of the American population of Jewish people and Miami is the largest Metropolitan area after New York to have such numbers. There are almost 189 Sinagoges and congregations to serve the Jewish people in South Florida.

According to data from the Jewish Federation of Broward County and the last census, 174,000 Jews live in the county, 16,000 of them in the community of Weston.

The first Jewish to ever reported settling in Florida were Joseph D Palacios, Alexander Solomons and Samuel Israel who moved from New Orleans to Pensacola in 1763 when England bought Florida in the Paris treaty.

After the Batista dictatorship fell in 1959, about 10.000 Cuban Jewish citizens sought refuge in South Florida.

David Levy Yulee became the first senator for the State of Florida when it became the 27th state in 1845 and the first Jewish descendant to be elected to office in the Senate. The son of Moses Levy who developed large projects in Florida with the hope to turn it into a new Jerusalem served two periods (1845-1851 and 1855-1861). He also help write the constitution of the State of Florida.

The representative of the 23rd district for the Florida Congress, Debbie Wasserman-Schults was the first Jewish congress woman to be elected for the State. Along with Senator Arlen Specter and the Jewish museum for Florida, was one of the promoters of the resolution that President Bush signed in 2006 declaring May as the Jewish month of the United States

Background

More that a religious feud, very few people know that the conflict Arab-Isarael is one of the oldest and it refers to the political tension and long term confrontations between the state of Israel and its Arab neighbors, The Palestinians in particular for many years, the Israel people have been scattered in many countries in the world, especially in Europe where coexistance has not been easy. They were persecuted in the latter part of the 19th century. These events were the foundation for the creation of the political Sionism which claimed as its own state the promised land made up of all Jewish communities strewn around the world.

As a consequence, an Exodus toward Israel took place all over the world. There were attempts to curtail the situation but with the Holocaust during World World II, it increased. Then, The United Nation Assembly approved the partition of Palestine into two states, One Jewish, One Arab and a special regime for Jerusalem with an international free zone.

In spite of a peaceful solution to the conflict, the partition of Palestine lead to a War between the two factors. The 14th of May of 1948, David Ben Gurion declared the independence of Israel and became its first head of State with the backing of the United States and the Soviet Union much to the chagrin of the Arab world. The following day to the declaration of independence, the first Arab- Israel war broke out (May1948- June1949). Israel came out as the winner and occupied 78% of the old Palestine instead of the 55% assigned by the United Nations.

This conflict is still on today and it is centered around the Gaza Strip and Cisjordania on the west bank of Jerusalem around the Golan Heights and the farms of Shebaa where most of the settlements and Palestinians refugees are located. Israel and Palestine claim the right to live in peace. Israel has treaties and cease of hostilities with several countries in the region as well as with Palestine which imply a war free zone and a partial cease fire.

City of Weston Newspaper

consulted with the representative Debbie Wasserman-Schultz (FL- 23) about the recognition President Trump made of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel:

“My longstanding view is that Jerusalem is and will remain the undivided capital of Israel, and it should remain a city accessible to people of all faiths. I strongly believe that we must continue to work toward a two state solution that achieves two states for two peoples. We must work toward a day where the entire world recognizes Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, and that can be achieved through final status negotiations. I remain as committed as ever to safeguarding Israel’s future as a Jewish and democratic state, at peace with its neighbors, with Jerusalem as its undisputed capital.” She said.

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